If you are looking into adoption, you may be wondering what the difference between an open and closed adoption is. The two options are both available to the biological and adoptive parents. I will be discussing closed adoptions in this article, though.
A closed adoption is, simply put, when all records pertaining to the biological parents are sealed and kept from the adoptive family. This can obviously only be done successfully with children that are newborns or very young, or those that have not grown up in the care of their biological family.
In the past, closed adoptions were the only adoptions. These days, more people tend to opt for an open adoption for the sake of the child. An adoption that is closed guarantees that the biological and adoptive parents are given no information about each other than can be used to identify them. Many times in closed adoptions, the child wants to find out more information after they reach the age of 18. This can sometimes be accommodated through certain organizations.
A closed adoption is best for adoptive parents that want to raise the child without the outside interference from a biological parent. These parents usually adopt the child as an infant and then raise the child as if they had given birth to him or her. There are some benefits to a closed adoption in this scenario. The main one is that there will be very little chance that the biological parents will cause issues in the life of the child. It can, at times, be easier on the child as well because they will only ever know one set of parents.
There are so many things to consider when you begin looking into adopting a child. Whether you are interested in a closed or open adoption should be one of the first decisions you make, though, for the sake of both sets of parents.